5G business, artificial intelligence, smart cities, smart homes, automated driving, unmanned supermarkets… We heard and observed these words more and more times. People start to consider the question “to what extent will artificial intelligence impact our life in the future?” “Will my work be done by AI robots?” Today, we will take a look at what professions are most likely to be replaced by AI. Hope this article be a tip on your selection of universities and course majors.
Jobs most likely be replaced by AI
Mechanized, low-skilled jobs. Mechanization means modeling. For example, washing dishes is a modelized job. You just need to follow the steps to wash the dishes. Nowadays, the working efficiency of dishwashers is higher than in humans. If artificial intelligence technology is added to dishwashers, they can obtain optimal dish-washing solutions after the analysis of oil residues and scrape in tableware. Manual dishwashing cannot do it as quickly as AI washing.
Low-skilled jobs that can be done without intelligence. They belong to repetitive labor, without much use of brains. After several times of training, the AI robots could get proficient at doing those things. Beyond that, the kinds of work that take small spaces, last long time, and get little contact with the outside world are easy to be replaced by AI. Such workers as production workers, assembly workers, assembly line operations, typists, cleaners, etc.
Google’s self-driving cars have already shuttled on American highways, and Ford has made self-driving technology the focus of research and development. Toyota and Audi are also developing their own auto-driving cars.
Once automatic-driving cars get commercialized and popularized, full-time drivers will face lay-off. In the future, unless dealing with an emergency in the road, people won’t need to make efforts on driving. Just relax and have a rest on your seat.
Unmanned supermarket of Alibaba China was established. The highly progressed technology made people appreciate a real threat to human occupation. In the future, with the promotion of automatic toll collection, consumers are eligible to pay on their own. Do you see that in your daily life more automatic cash registers have gone into supermarkets, shopping malls, parking lots, residential areas, and highway toll stations?
The automatic toll collection system not only saves costs for labor but also tremendously improves work efficiency and accuracy.
Traditional workers at factory assembly lines
According to media reports, Foxconn is vigorously promoting robots to replace man workers. Its Kunshan factory in Jiangsu city has reduced the number of employees from 110,000 to 50,000 due to the application of 60,000 robots. Low-skilled employees have a high probability of being replaced by machines in the next 10 years. For traditional workers at factory assembly lines, they will first face the replacement.
4. Security guards
The development of artificial intelligence technology has made security equipment more intelligent. Security guard robots have also come to the world. They can automatically patrol, flexibly, and wisely handle the situation met on the patrol. They can do voice interaction with humans, automatic alarming with anti-theft systems. They can continue working in 24 hours without interruption. Installed with surveillance cameras, sensors, odor detectors, and thermal imaging systems, AI robots can do most of the security work.
5. Customer Service/Receptionists
Look at Siri and various small AIers on your mobile phone, you will see the artificial intelligence customer service is the general trend. With the continuous advancement of AI technology, robot interactions feel more real and AI services more personalized. Many companies around the world have developed automated customer service. This AI service robot, after machine learning and natural language processing, is able to launch online chats and offer customer services automatically.
Compared with hiring employees, this technology will greatly reduce costs and the probability of errors. And, facing, AI customer service robots don’t feel frustrated with customer complaints and anger, because they cannot perceive those bad emotions at all.
6. Bank tellers
In the past, graduates of finance majors scrambled for such occupations in banks, but now the fever has indeed declined, and the traditional financial industry is also suffering from the impacts of Internet financial products. With the increase of active mobile users, more transactions are completed through digital channels. Offline outlets are no longer indispensable. The cost of handling financial business through online digital channels is far less than that in physical banks. Moreover, more service work at physical bank offices is being carried out by AI robots.
At present, artificial intelligence technology has achieved breakthrough development in the field of language translation. Many Chinese and U.S. companies developed AI language translation machines, with translation accuracy rate reaching up to 95%. Those translation machines not only supports Chinese-English translation, but also supports the translation of Japanese, Korean, and Thai.
The language translation machines could undertake workload equivalent to several people. Although manual translation assistance is needed in complex translation situations, those machines are qualified for daily communication. Students majoring in language translation are reminded that simply relying on a foreign language as your future profession may not be a wise choice.
8. Journalists and editors
As the earthquake in Sichuan happened, the robot wrote the world’s first report of the earthquake in 25 seconds, which was pushed through the official WeChat platform of China Seismic Network. The first relevant news in the world. During the Rio Olympics, the writing robot developed by Dancebyte company wrote news articles in real-time and published the reports at a rate almost simultaneously with live TV broadcasts. It produced more than 450 sports news articles in 16 days, which was not a human could achieve.
By combining big data, artificial intelligence technology, and algorithms, millions of newsletters can be written in an instant.
As to mechanized, low-skilled jobs, it is obvious that human’s work efficiency and quality are not comparable to artificial intelligence. It is a trend that as the costs of AI technology decrease, mechanized and low-skilled human occupations would gradually disappear.
However, artificial intelligence is not human intelligence. There are many things it could not handle as humans do, things that engage in people’s sentiment, in-depth thinking, and creativeness.
After getting the main developing trend of society, you know how critical it is to make an early plan on profession selections and